Japan is an archipelago comprising hundreds of islands, the four largest of which are Kyushu, Shikoku, Honshu, and Hokkaido. Kyoto City is located in central Honshu. From 794 to 1868, Kyoto was the nation’s capital and home of the Japanese emperor. It is considered to be one of the country’s most beautiful and historical cities, and has the seventh largest population.
Kyoto City is well known for its large number of historical and cultural sites, including approximately two thousand Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines. One of the most famous, not only in Kyoto, but in the whole of Japan, is Kiyomizu-dera. Its name meaning “pure water temple,” Kiyomizu-dera is an independent Buddhist temple which was founded in 798. Its main hall is designated as a national treasure.
Many cultural events are held every year in Kyoto. One of the most famous is July’s Gion Festival, one of Japan’s three major festivals.
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